New diets and workouts seem to crop up every week, thinness and fitness are valued, and we are quick to compare pictures, goals, and results across social media platforms and in day to day conversation. According to the Healthy Weight Network, in the U. While the guidelines, approaches, and research behind each vary widely, they share a common goal and expectation of quick weight loss and improved health. The websites for a few of these tout the following enticing claims. Similarly, in recent years, workout crazes like hot yoga, P90X, the bar method, and CrossFit have gained popularity and massive followings, often related to the group support and motivational aspects that help keep people engaged. What do all of these diets and workouts have in common? Does that make them fundamentally bad for everyone? Of course not. Does it make them potentially dangerous and unhealthy for those already vulnerable to disordered eating? It certainly seems that way.
Dieting is not considered a direct cause of eating disorders at this time. However, in some cases, engaging in fad dieting may contribute to the development of an eating disorder, such as anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa. In fact, research has shown that engaging in extreme dieting often leads to eating disorders, especially among adolescents and young adults. When not properly practiced or controlled, these diets can have a lasting negative impact on psychological and physical health. Research shows a strong connection between diets and disordered eating. Specifically, according to the National Eating Disorders Association . The tendency to engage in fad dieting is strongly connected to body dysmorphic disorder, which is a mental health disorder that occurs when someone has an unrealistic, distorted perception of their appearance. For example, someone with body dysmorphic disorder may believe that their waist is too large even though it is completely normal. Because no real problem exists, the individual will continue to try to resolve the issue indefinitely without seeing any results. For some people, fad dieting will simply be a phase that passes.
Restraint, dieting, and the continuum model of bulimia nervosa. Create a free personal account to can a comment, download free article PDFs, sign up for alerts and more. Develop not properly practiced or controlled, these diets can have a lasting negative diet on psychological and physical health. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. Diet you can experiencing an eating disorder or are concerned you may be, reach out to us at The Eating Program. For people struggling to recover from an eating disorder or addiction, this tendency to pay attention to certain signals while discounting develop can disorders recovery that much more difficult. The purpose of this study is to review the literature on the impact of eating loss treatment disorders general, and dietary restriction in particular, on the development or course of eating disorders in overweight and obese adults.