Type 2 Diabetes used to be a somewhat marginal disease, but it is now an epidemic and one of the leading causes of death in Western countries such as the United States and Australia. In Australia alone, it is estimated that around 1 million people are living with diabetes, with many more who are pre-diabetic or yet to be diagnosed. Diabetes is said to be the fastest-growing chronic disease in Australia, growing at a rate faster than heart disease and cancer. Alarmingly, what was historically a disease only seen in adults, is now being widely observed in children too. This tells me that what we are doing to combat the disease is proving ineffective. At present, medical efforts focus on managing the disease, rather than applying comprehensive lifestyle changes that can, in many cases, be effective at reversing the disease. We owe it to ourselves. This is called insulin resistance. Patients are typically required to take pills or non-insulin injections on a daily basis to help lower their blood sugar. Symptoms can be similar to those of Type 1 Diabetes but less marked if at all present, and usually include fatigue, blurred vision or constant thirst. As a result, the disease may go undiagnosed for several years, until complications have already arisen.
Plant-based nutrition — emphasizing consumption of vegetables, whole grains, nuts, seeds, legumes, and fruits — can prevent, treat, or reverse certain chronic diseases in adults based on current best research evidence. The chronic diseases studied most include obesity, high body mass index, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, coronary artery disease, and hyperlipidemia. Plant-based diets, however, are not a cure-all and should not be substituted for existing medication or therapy unless supervised by a physician. View PDF. Contact Webmaster Last updated April 5, Position Statement on Plant-based Health and Nutrition in Adults The position of the Medical Executive Committee of SUNY Downstate Medical Center, as recommended by the Committee and Plant-based Health and Nutrition, is as follows: Plant-based nutrition — emphasizing consumption of vegetables, whole grains, nuts, seeds, legumes, and fruits — can prevent, treat, or reverse certain chronic diseases in adults based on current best research evidence. Statements Based on Research Evidence Individuals who report eating more plants have lower body mass index BMI and lower blood levels of total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, fasting glucose, C reactive protein, and inflammatory profiles than do individuals who report eating fewer plants in their diet. Strong evidence based on over , subjects in population and cohort studies. Plant-based diets can reverse existing coronary artery disease evidenced by angiography and can reduce body weight, oral diabetic medication needs, and blood levels of total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, fasting glucose, c reactive protein CRP, and hemoglobin A1c. Moderate evidence based on randomized trials and cohort studies that are mostly short-term weeks to months and have varying rates of adherence to plant-based diets over time. Individuals who report eating more plants are less likely to develop hypertension, ischemic heart disease, type 2 diabetes, colon cancer, gastrointestinal cancer, and cancer overall in subsequent decades. Moderate evidence based on population and cohort studies that lose some subjects over time and have diverse methods and outcomes e.
Diets based on whole plant foods not only maximize protective foods, but they also exclude key animal-based foods that tend to promote insulin resistance, particularly processed and unprocessed red meat. In the largest prospective study of plant-based eating patterns to date, Satija, et al. IT Study. Aging, diabetes, and the public health system in the United States. Ann Intern Med. The Adventist Health Study 2 examined disease prevalence by different eating patterns in an overall health-conscious cohort. Am J Clin Nutr. Ridker PM. Meta-analyses of cohort studies demonstrated that carbohydrates from whole grains and cereal fibers reduce the risk of developing diabetes while refined, ,  low-fiber carbohydrates can increase the risk of diabetes. Herman WH.